Wampanoag housing. Great framed prints available in our shops. Along the Atlantic coast, the native people made houses by covering frames made of branches with dried reeds which were thatched or sewn together. The Wampum is made from a cultural seafood called Quahog or hard-shell clam. Copyright 2013, Paula Bidwell and Lea Gerlach. contributors. They have discovered that the homes are as comfortable as our modern homes. To make the walls of the house, the colonists built a framework of small sticks called wattle within the house frame. He also uses authentic Native recipes for cooking fresh, stuffed Quahogs. The first direct contact with a Native American was made in March 1621, and soon after, Chief Massasoit paid a visit to the settlement. The colonists did their cooking, eating, and sleeping, as well as other work, in this room. They also wove big mats of reeds to line the inside of their houses. When they went to gather what they needed from the Earth to build their homes, they connected with Mother Earth and gave thanks for what they gathered. The traditional house of the Wampanoag are wetus which are sometimes called wigwams. What is the difference between a wetu and a wigwam . The houses were usually 50-60 feet long, but they could be as long as 100 feet. Randy:A spring, summer, and fall home could be put up in one day! These are photos were taken inside wetus at Plimoth Plantation. There was a fire hole in the middle of the ceiling to let the smoke from the fire escape. Contrary to the Thanksgiving myth, though, friendliness does not account for the alliance the Wampanoag tribe made with the nascent Plymouth … The Native Americans lived in Wetu’s in the summer and long houses in the winter. You can swap out the meat for turkey, goose, duck, fish, or even shellfish. Work on the finishing touches sometimes went on for a few more months even after the family began living in it. Candles and oil lamps were sometimes lit too. Women in the community managed the childcare, cooking, and farming. You can have that house – if you build it first! With the coming of cold weather, people returned to the protection of inland villages. In the Wampanoag Homesite at Plimoth Plantation, Native staff members build homes in the traditional way. Within these houses, each nuclear family had its own fire. The houses were called wetus. Then they fastened them in layers to the roof. Women wore knee-length skirts while men used breechcloths with leggings. The wetu is a dome shaped house with a hole in the roof to allow the smoke to escape from the fire. The wetu is a dome shaped house with a hole in the roof to allow the smoke to escape from the fire. The English colonists had a very difficult time during that first winter as they were building their town. The floors were hard-packed earth. The frames were created by men using 100 or so saplings. There was a fire hole in the middle of the ceiling to let the smoke from the fire escape. With prayers of thanksgiving, the women gathered cattails from the swamps and marshes in late summer. Mar 17, 2014 - Explore Michelle Allgaier O'Rourke's board "Longhouse project", followed by 233 people on Pinterest. The frame of a small house required about 40 saplings, while a large house might take up to 200. They lived in small, round houses called wetus or wigwams. The colonists did not plan to arrive in Plymouth so late in the year. The first thing the Wampanoag did was they lived in different houses. The wetus were doomed shaped huts made of sticks and grass. We encourage students and teachers to visit our main Wampanoag page for in-depth information about the tribe, but here are our answers to the questions we are most often asked by children, with Wampanoag pictures … The Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe's reservation will be disestablished and their land taken out of trust, per an order from the secretary of the interior. “In the houses, we found wooden bowls, trays and dishes, earthen pots, handbaskets made of crab shells,” Winslow wrote in “Mourt's Relation,” a history of … 4. And since they were circular in shape the air circulated freely. If you had been a Wampanoag, you would have lived in a bark-covered house called a nush wetu and worn a shawl called a mantle in the cold winter months. Wampanoag is probably derived from Wapanoos, first documented on Adriaen Block's 1614 map, which was the earliest European representation of the Wampanoag territory. These houses are called wigwams or wetus. Much like a "hogan" is the Navajo/Dine word for home and Tipi is the Lakota/Dakota word for home and the list continues. How many people slept in the cottages and wetus? Today, the Wampanoag community of Gay Head (Aquinnah) and Mashpee Wampanoag group are the two federally recognized nations. The bladder of the deer was used as a pouch, the tendons for thread and the bones were used for sewing needles and fish hooks. They also were hunters-gatherers who also went fishing and ate fruits to round out their diet. Food is cooked over an open fire using only the ingredients that were available in the 1600s. Instead, the Wampanoag lived in small houses, or huts, called weetu. Then they fit these pieces together so that they became a frame. Although the materials and construction techniques of English and Wampanoag houses were different, their functions were the same. Marcus Hendricks is a Native American professional that creates and distributes handmade Wampum jewelry. They also wove big mats of reeds to line the inside of their houses. In the 1600s, both Wampanoag men and women took part in the building and making of a home. It is the middle of winter and bitterly cold. This is what the Pilgrims had to do when they sailed to New England on Mayflower in 1620. In the spring, the Wampanoag gathered saplings (young trees) to build frames for the houses. The colonists knew there were no English towns where they were going. "In 1600 the Wampanoag probably were as many as 12,000 with 40 villages divided roughly between 8,000 on the mainland and another 4,000 on the off-shore islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. THANKSGIVING by Wampanoag and other Native people, What was served at the first Thanksgiving, Squanto Coloring Book - Baha'i Children's Classes, OTHER PRAYERS and meditations for Thanksgiving, MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS - Wampanoag and Pilgrim. Wetu’s are small round houses that have a fire pit in the middle. leather from the hide of a deer. Shop local at our Plimoth Patuxet Museum Shop (137 Warren Avenue) seven days a week, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. through December 23 and until noon on December 24 -  or online at www.plimoth.com!